What Is a Gum Doctor Called


What Is a Gum Doctor Called?

When it comes to maintaining good oral health, it is important to not only take care of your teeth but also your gums. Gum health is crucial to overall oral health, as healthy gums provide a strong foundation for your teeth. When you experience issues with your gums, it may be necessary to seek the help of a specialized dental professional known as a gum doctor or periodontist.

A gum doctor, also known as a periodontist, is a dental specialist who focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of gum diseases and other conditions that affect the supporting structures of the teeth. They undergo additional years of specialized training beyond dental school to become experts in treating gum-related issues. Gum doctors work closely with general dentists to provide comprehensive dental care.

Periodontists are highly skilled in performing various procedures to treat gum diseases and improve gum health. Some common procedures performed by gum doctors include scaling and root planing (deep cleaning of the gums), gum grafting (to correct receding gums), crown lengthening (to expose more of the tooth’s surface), and dental implant placement.


1. When should I see a gum doctor?
If you have symptoms of gum disease, such as red, swollen, or bleeding gums, persistent bad breath, or loose teeth, it is advisable to see a gum doctor. Additionally, if you have a family history of gum disease or are at a higher risk due to certain medical conditions, it is recommended to consult a gum doctor.

2. How often should I visit a gum doctor?
The frequency of visits to a gum doctor depends on your individual oral health needs. Generally, it is recommended to have a comprehensive periodontal evaluation at least once a year.

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3. What can I expect during my first visit to a gum doctor?
During your first visit, the gum doctor will review your medical and dental history, perform a thorough examination of your gums, and may take X-rays to assess the condition of your teeth and supporting structures. They will then discuss any findings and recommend an appropriate treatment plan if necessary.

4. Does gum disease require surgery?
Not all cases of gum disease require surgery. In the early stages, non-surgical treatments such as scaling and root planing may be sufficient. However, in advanced cases, surgical intervention might be necessary to restore gum health.

5. Are gum treatments painful?
Gum treatments are typically performed under local anesthesia to ensure minimal discomfort during the procedure. After the treatment, mild soreness or discomfort may persist for a few days, which can be managed with over-the-counter pain relievers.

6. How long does it take to recover from gum surgery?
The recovery time varies depending on the type and extent of the surgery. In general, it can take a few weeks to fully recover from gum surgery. The gum doctor will provide instructions on post-operative care to promote healing.

7. Can gum disease be cured?
While gum disease cannot be completely cured, it can be effectively managed and controlled with appropriate treatment. Regular dental visits and good oral hygiene practices are essential to prevent the progression of gum disease.

8. Are gum diseases hereditary?
There is evidence to suggest that genetic factors can contribute to an individual’s susceptibility to gum disease. If you have a family history of gum disease, it is important to be proactive in maintaining good oral hygiene and visiting a gum doctor regularly.

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9. Can I prevent gum disease?
Yes, gum disease can be prevented by maintaining good oral hygiene practices, including brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and using an antimicrobial mouthwash. Regular dental check-ups and professional cleanings are also crucial in preventing gum disease.

10. Can a gum doctor help with bad breath?
Yes, a gum doctor can help diagnose the underlying causes of bad breath, which may be related to gum disease or other oral health issues. They can provide appropriate treatment and guidance to improve your breath.

11. Can I see a gum doctor without a referral?
In most cases, a referral from a general dentist is not required to see a gum doctor. However, it is advisable to consult with your general dentist first, as they can assess your dental needs and provide appropriate recommendations.

In conclusion, a gum doctor, or periodontist, is a dental specialist who focuses on treating gum diseases and other conditions affecting the supporting structures of the teeth. They play a vital role in maintaining gum health and preventing the progression of gum disease. Regular visits to a gum doctor, along with good oral hygiene practices, are crucial for optimal oral health.